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Pay attention to the correct technique and speed of the tattoo machine
The correct technique and speed of the tattoo machine can vary depending on the style of the tattoo artist and the type of tattoo machine.
1. Tattoo machine speed:
The speed of the tattoo machine, often measured in "strokes per second" (SPS), is a crucial factor in achieving the desired effect. A typical machine speed range is 50 to 200 SPS. This value is mainly determined by the voltage on your tattoo source or directly on the machine (for wireless machines). With the wrong voltage, problems can arise, such as excessive bleeding during tattooing, paint loss, ink spilling in the skin outside of the design, scarring, bruising. Never exceed 10V or severe skin injury may occur.
Lining: For lining and creating lines, tattoo artists set the voltage between 7 to 9 volts. However, it is essential to test the tension on the training surface before applying it to the client.
Shading and coloring: For shading, filling and coloring, the voltage is usually between 4 and 7 volts. Some artists prefer lower voltages for shading, while others may go a bit higher, depending on the effect they want to achieve.
The general rule here is that the lower the voltage with the correct technique, the better. At a lower speed, the skin absorbs the color faster and more evenly, and the resulting effect after healing is a whole, smooth layer, not scarred tissue from various protrusions and lost color, as is the case with the use of high voltage, when the skin is very traumatized.
2. Hand Speed:
The speed and technique of the artist's hand play a significant role in achieving the desired result. Slower hand movements can result in thicker lines, while faster hand movements can create thinner lines or shading effects.
The speed of the hands should be coordinated with the speed of the movement to achieve the intended effect.
3. Needle penetration depth:
The depth at which the needle penetrates the skin also affects the final result. Changing the depth can create different effects, such as subtle lines or strong shading.
A shallow penetration (1-2mm) is used for fine lines, a deeper one (2-3mm) is suitable for shading and coloring.
If the depth is too shallow, the paint will start to fall off quickly. If the needle goes too deep, it can cause both ink spillage outside the tattoo and serious skin injury.
4. Practice and experience:
No scholar fell from the sky to achieve proper technique and speed requires practice and experience.
5. Health and Safety:
Always follow strict hygiene and safety protocols to protect you and your client during the tattooing process.
It's important to remember that there is no magic machine tension setting for universal tattooing. Each tattoo artist may have their own methods and preferences. Additionally, the style of tattooing and the client's skin type can influence the choices made during the tattooing process. Like tattooing, constant practice and experimentation will help you hone your skills and develop a unique style.